This Week In History: June 15 – June 21
Headlines & Tidbits from the 30s, 40s, 50s, 60s, 70s & 80s
1935 – US Congress accepts FDR’s “New Deal”.
1947 – Pan Am Airways charters as the first worldwide passenger airline.
1950 – First kidney transplant (Chicago).
1954 – Televised Senate Army McCarthy hearings ends.
1966 – Sheila Scott completes first round-the-world solo flight by a woman.
1982 – Supreme Court rules all children, regardless of citizenship, are entitled to a public education.
1983 – Space Shuttle Challenger 2 mission launches; Sally Ride becomes the first American woman in space.
Movies & TV:
1937 – Marx Brothers’ A Day At The Races opens in LA.
1948 – The Ed Sullivan Show, originally named “Toast of the Town”, premieres on CBS-TV.
1960 – Psycho opens in NY.
1961 – Dave Garroway is fired as Today Show host.
1974 – Homer Simpson & Marge Bouvier wed.
1975 – Steven Spielbergs’ Jaws opens.
1980 – Blues Brothers, with Dan Akroyd and John Belushi, premieres in Chicago.
Music & Radio:
1948 – The 33 1/3 RPM LP record is introduced (DR Peter Goldmark-Columbia Records).
1956 – John Lennon (15) & Paul McCartney (13) meet for the first time as Lennon’s rock group, Quarrymen, perform at a church dinner.
1961 – CBS radio cancels Gunsmoke.
1961 – Pat Boone has his final number #1 hit with “Moody River”.
1965 – Bob Dylan records “Like a Rolling Stone”.
1965 – The Kinks arrive in NYC, beginning their first US tour.
1967 – The Monterey International Pop Music Festival takes place (June 16 to June 18). Over 200,000 people attend the oft-regarded precursor to Woodstock.
The festival became legendary for the first major American appearances by Jimi Hendrix and The Who. It was also the first major public performance for Janis Joplin, who appeared as a member of Big Brother and The Holding Company, and Otis Redding, backed by Booker T. & The MG’s. The Monterey Pop Festival embodied the themes of the counter-culture of San Francisco and is generally regarded as one of the beginnings of the “Summer of Love” in 1967
1971 – Carole King strikes gold when her Tapestry album hits number #1 in the U.S. for the first of 15 consecutive weeks.
1978 – Andy Gibb hits number #1 on the US singles chart with “Shadow Dancing”, becoming (then) the only artist to hit the top spot with his first three singles.
1987 – Ben & Jerry Ice Cream & Grateful Dead’s Jerry Garcia announce new Ice Cream flavor, Cherry Garcia.
1947 – Benjamin “Bugsy” Siegel, gangster, is shot dead in Beverly Hills, California.
1959 – Actor George Reeves (Superman, Gone with the Wind), shoots himself at age 45.
1963 – Sound of Music closes at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC after 1443 performances.
1946 – Annie Get Your Gun opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 1147 performances.
1973 – American Graffiti opens in NYC.
1973 – Rocky Horror Picture Show stage production opens in London.
1977 – Beatlemania opens on Broadway.
1978 – Andrew Lloyd Webber & Rice’s musical Evita premiers in London.
1978 – The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas opens at 46th St NYC for 1577 performances.
1978 – Garfield, created by Jim Davis, first appears as a comic strip.
1939 – NY Yankees announce Lou Gehrig’s retirement due to his diagnosis of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, later to be named Lou Gehrig’s Disease.
1946 – The first TV sports spectacular airs: Joe Louis KOs Billy Conn.
1950 – Joe DiMaggio gets his 2,000th hit.
1960 – Ted Williams hit his 500th HR.
1973 – Pete Rose & Willie Davis both get career hit # 2,000.
1978 – The first 6 teams of Women’s Pro Basketball League (WBL) are granted: Iowa, NJ, Milwaukee, Chicago, Minnesota & Dayton.
Technology & Inventions:
1941 – Cheerios Cereal invents an O-shaped cereal.
1946 – AT&T begins offering mobile telephone service. With a single antenna serving a region, no more than 12 to 20 simultaneous calls could be made in an entire metropolitan area.
1970 – Edwin Land patents the Polaroid camera.
1988 – Microsoft releases MS DOS 4.0.
1948 – The Tucker Torpedo automobile is introduced. The idea was a safety car with innovative features and modern styling. The specifications for the design called for an air-cooled, flat 6-rear engine, disc brakes, fuel injection, the location of all instruments on the steering wheel, and a padded dashboard. The car even had a Cyclops-like centered headlamp that turned with the front wheels. After 50 cars were built, Preston Tucker’s company folded, and the Tucker Torpedo was never built again. This rare 1948 Tucker 48 was sold at the RM Arizona-Biltmore auction for $495,000.