Retro History: October 19 – October 25
World News & the American Experience:
1940 – The 40-hour workweek goes into effect due to the Fair Labor Standards of 1938.
1944 – The Navy begins accepting Black women into the WAVES – “Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service”.
1945 – The United Nations charter takes effect, establishing the United Nations.
1962 – President John F. Kennedy announces that Cuba is building secret missiles. He orders a naval blockade of Cuba.
1973 – President Nixon is under scrutiny for the Watergate scandal, and is asked to turn over tape recordings of conversations. Instead, he fires Special Watergate Prosecutor Archibald Cox, and Deputy Attorney General William D. Ruckelshaus, and U.S. Attorney General Elliot Richardson quit. The day would become known as the “Saturday Night Massacre”.
1983 – The Senate establishes a Martin Luther King Jr federal holiday.
1987 – The Dow Jones Index drops a record 508.32 points on “Black Monday”.
Movies & TV:
1957 – Jailhouse Rock, with Elvis Presley, opens in U.S. theatres.
1964 – The Rolling Stones make their first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show.
Music & Radio:
1930 – The Adventures Of Sherlock Holmes premieres on NBC Radio.
1960 – Brenda Lee hits #1 for the second time in the year with “I Want to Be Wanted”.
1962 – “The Monster Mash” by Bobby “Boris” Picket and the Crypt Kickers reaches the top of the charts.
1965 – The Beatles receive a gold record for their single, “Yesterday”.
1966 – The Supremes hit the top of the charts. They are the first all-female vocal group to do so.
1978 – The Police have their first US concert at New York’s famous CBGB.
1986 – Bon Jovi’s Slippery When Wet album goes to #1 and stays there for 8 weeks.
Media & The Arts:
1937 – The magazine Woman’s Day is first published for the A&P store chain.
1944 – Marlon Brando first appears on Broadway in I Remember Mama.
1955 – No Time for Sergeants opens on Broadway, starring Andy Griffith.
1959 – Patty Duke first appears on Broadway, at age 12, in The Miracle Worker.
1962 – Author John Steinbeck is awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.
1972 – Pippin opened at Imperial Theater in New York for 1944 performances.
1975 – A Chorus Line openes at Shubert Theater in New York City for 6137 performances.
1931 – Gangster Al Capone is sentenced to 11 years for tax evasion.
1964 – A riot breaks out at a Rolling Stones Show in Paris during their concert. 150 are arrested.
1933 – Basketball is introduced to the 1936 Olympic Games by the Berlin Organization Committee.
1939 – The first televised pro football game is telecast from Ebbets Field in Brooklyn, New York. Brooklyn beats Philadelphia, 23-14.
1960 – Cassius Clay wins his first fight as a professional boxer.
1965 – Sugar Ray Robinson enjoys winning his final victory fight against Rudolph Bent.
Technology & Inventions:
1939 – Nylon stockings hit the marketplace.
1955 – The Tappan Stove Company is given the rights by Raytheon to introduce the wall-mounted microwave oven to homeowners. Priced at $1,295, it does not sell well. (Later, Amana took over and began selling Radarange countertop units in 1967 for a price of $495.)
1960 – The world’s first electronic wristwatch by the Bulova Watch Company goes on sale for $200 in jewelry stores – 10 years after the astronauts first wore them.
1983 – IBM-PC DOS Version 2.1 released.
1925 – Johnny Carson
1930 – Big Bopper, (JP Richardson)
1931 – Mickey (Charles) Mantle
1932 – Robert Reed, actor (The Brady Bunch)
1934 – Martin Landau, actor
1939 – Tony Roberts, actor
1941 – Helen Reddy, singer
1942 – Annette Funicello
1946 – Connie Chung, news reporter
1950 – Tom Petty
1956 – Carrie Fisher, actress
1962 – Evander Holyfield
1969 – Jack Kerouac, author